The city of Nicosia is the largest city in Cyprus as well as the country’s capital city. It is the island’s main international business center and its financial capital. The city has a very rich history as well as a host of natural and manmade features that have led to the country’s growth as one of the greatest tourist destinations in the world.
It is worth noting that the city has a very strong economy that has been growing steadily over the years. In fact, in terms of the per capita income, the city of Nicosia has over the years been ranked time and again as one of the richest cities in the world today. The city’s wealth can also be witnessed in the modern infrastructure available there.
One of the most interesting factors about Nicosia is that throughout the world, it is the only divided city. This means that the city is shared between two states, that is; the Republic of Cyprus and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. While the republic of Cyprus is recognized all over the world as an independent nation, the latter, The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, is only recognized as an independent state by turkey which played a great role in the division.
Being a shared city, Nicosia is divided into two parts by the Green Line which separates the northern half from the southern half that officially belongs to Cyprus and is its capital. The green line separating the two halves is an interesting tourist attraction, being the only such feature in the whole world.
Physical attractions in Nicosia
There is a large number of physical attractions distributed throughout the city of Nicosia, both to the north and to the south, that are very impressive to visitors and tourists alike. They include various landmarks as well as museums and art centers. In particular, the physical attractions of Nicosia are;
- Land marks
The first landmark in Nicosia is ‘The Murder Line’. This is the term that was used to refer to Ledra Street in the past in reference to the murders of British military men along the street. It is located in the middle of the city and has a very rich history.
Faneromeni square is another of the landmarks in the city. It used to be Nicosia’s main center in the past and today is home to many historical buildings that are an attraction to many tourists.
A third landmark is the Archbishop Kyprianos Square which houses the palace of Archbishop Kyprianos that is both interesting and beautiful.
The biggest and most famous archeological museum in Cyprus, the Cyprus Archeological Museum, is located in Nicosia. It has only objects discovered in Nicosia and has been in existence since 1882, housing the largest Cypriot antique collection. Other museums in the city include the Ethnographic Museum, housing ethnographic artifacts, and the ethnological museum.
- Performing arts
For art lovers visiting the city of Nicosia, the Cyprus Symphony Orchestra presents regular shows of classical music from time to time. Other theaters in the city such as the Strovolos Municipal Theatre and Satirical Theatre of Cyprus are also major attractions.